The flute was found in a cave near the town of Nova Gorica, 65 kilometers (40 miles) west of Slovenia's capital, Ljubljana.There is some debate whether this is really a flute and we offer below some links including those that cover the debate.Only where there was some form of cross-fertilization, as between Mesopotamia (the land between two rivers) and Egypt, would similarities appear.

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In addition to suggesting that the early Chinese were accomplished musicians and craftspeople, the Jiahu site reveals that the Chinese in Jiahu had already established a village life.

They had parts of the city, or village, that were devoted to different functions.

We do know, when examining early civilizations geographically isolated from one another, that each appeared to reach a certain level of development in a particular way.

Despite superficial similarities, the great civilizations of South America developed languages, forms of writing, architecture and technologies distinct from those of early China, the Indus Valley or Egypt.

Archaeologists from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Qinghai Provincial Archaeological Research Institute said that this is the first such instrument ever found in the history of Chinese archaeology.

They said that the discovery may reverse the traditional theory that ancient percussion instruments were triangular-shaped or square.Another feature common to almost every civilization was the use they made of music for solace, celebration and entertainment.[see also: Is Music What We Are?]The earliest known flute, discovered in Slovenia in south-east Europe, 12-centimeter (5 inch) long, was made by Neanderthal humans 45,000 years ago.Some of the other flutes, which have between five and eight holes, could also be played.A rectangular stone musical instrument, confirmed to be a type of percussion instrument used in ancient China, was recently unearthed at the site of Qijia Culture in Qinghai Province, northwest China.In September 22, 1999, Reuters reported the discovery of the world's oldest playable flute in China.