The course cover the following topics: minerals; volcanism and extrusive rocks; intrusive activities and origin of igneous rocks; weathering and soil; sediments, sedimentary rocks and structures; metamorphism, metamorphic rocks and hydrothermal rocks; the rock cycle; mass wasting; streams and landscape; groundwater; glaciers and glaciation; deserts and wind action; shorelines and coastal processes; crustal deformation and folds; faults; earthquakes; the Earth's interior; the ocean floor; plate tectonics; mountain building.The course may include trips to the field to reinforce geological concepts learned in class and laboratory.

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These include the tools of thermodynamics, kinetics, aquatic chemistry, and trace element geochemistry. Part I covers the theory and application of thermodynamics and kinetics to processes controlling the composition of natural waters, and basic mineral-water-atmospheric gas interactions.

Part II covers trace elements in igneous processes, including Goldschmidt’s classification of the elements and the geochemical periodic table, element partitioning between coexisting minerals, and trace element distribution during partial melting and crystallization.

Students engage in a range of learning and teaching opportunities including lectures, laboratory-based practical classes, and fieldwork including field-based classes and guided independent study.

Compulsory inter-semester fieldwork at Levels 200 to 400 provides opportunities for guided investigations within small groups and in environments substantially contrasting to the lecture room and laboratory.

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EASC 219: Practical Crystallography This is a practical course involving the essentials of geometrical crystallography and internal order of crystals.

The detail syllabus is as follows: : Crystal description, symmetry elements, crystal symmetry, crystallographic axes.

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INTRODUCTION The Earth Sciences programme concentrates on topic areas which (i) enhance employment prospects, (ii) develop the role of Earth Science in society and its importance to environmental issues, and (iii) provide a background of knowledge, practical skills and field experience in the Earth Sciences.

LEVEL 200 EASC 210: Geological Field Methods I This is a practical field-based course consisting of: (i) Lecture/practical sessions on geological mapping techniques, construction and interpretation of geological maps and cross-sections, field safety and welfare, and field trip planning and organisation.